All managers at all levels of every organization perform some basic functions. However, the amount of time a manager spends on each one depends on both the level of management and the specific organization. Some of these functions include planning, organizing, directing and much more.
1. Planning: Planning of the enterprise is carried out by the manager to determine the market niche to find out if the product will sell, as well as the location of the workshop, labour, types of product(s), capital required, etc. This management function also involves mapping out exactly how to achieve a particular goal set by the enterprise. For example, if the enterprise’s goal is to improve the company sales, the manager first needs to decide on what steps are necessary to accomplish that goal. These steps may include increasing advertising, inventory, and sales staff. These necessary steps are developed into a plan. When the plan is in place, the manager can follow it to accomplish the goal of improving the sales of the enterprise.
2. Organizing: After a plan is in place, a manager needs to organize his or her team and materials according to the plan. Assigning work and granting authority are two important elements of organizing. He also sets up the business structure and the authority structure i.e. who reports to whom, etc.
3. Directing: Directing means the leadership style adopted to get work done. It implies establishing policies, coordinating the work of staff, coaching staff, motivating staff, and assigning work to different staff as needed, etc.
4. Staffing: After a manager discerns his area’s needs, he may decide to beef up his staffing by recruiting, selecting, training, and developing employees. A manager in a large organization often works with the company’s human resources department to accomplish this goal.
5. Leading: A manager needs to do more than just plan, organize, and staff her team to achieve a goal. He must also lead. Leading involves motivating, communicating, guiding, and encouraging. It requires the manager to coach, assist, and solve problems with employees.
6. Controlling: Controlling means measuring performance against the standards of the enterprise. It involves setting standards, setting production targets, checking production on daily, weekly, and monthly basis to ensure that the business is reaching its targets; monitoring expenses for production, transport and communication, checking expenses against revenue generated to ensure that the enterprise is healthy, giving feedback to staff to improve work quality and work standards. He also takes any corrective actions necessary to make sure that his area’s plans remain on track.